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Curricular Descriptions

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The master theme of the Tenth Grade will be to continue to develop in students all of the higher cognitive and affective skills, conforming them to the more complex concepts of the secondary school, and to the challenging task of applying principles, concepts, and ideals in an expanding scope of study than they have had in the elementary grades. Now, students will be obliged to thoroughly develop good study habits to help in the intellectual digestion of more difficult subject matter. Students will begin implementing ways in which they will ultimately discover God's plan for each of them, as well as how to prepare themselves for their vocations. They will work toward becoming productive members of their communities, ready and able to defend their Faith and to apply traditional Catholic principles, no matterwhere their vocation takes them

Theology: The Augustinian method for teaching religioncontinues this year with the second book of the Our Quest for Happiness series,Through Christ Our Lord Text. This year, the student will study the Gospels andtheir accounts of the life of Christ. Students will examine the deeds of loveof the Divine Son in redeeming us and restoring hope. Further, this yearstudents will delve into a study of the Mass and the Eucharist. An overview ofmorality, as well as an examination of the third and fourth commandments, isalso covered this year. Through Christ our Lord Answer Key is keyed to the textand available for the regular review questions after each section, as well asfor the end-of-chapter review questions. Other books used: The Rosary NovenaBooklet, The Way of the Cross Booklet, and The Douay-Rheims New Testament.

Algebra II: This year, the student advances to Saxon Algebra II, which includes intermediate algebraic concepts such as: graphical solutions to simultaneous equations, scientific notation, radicals, roots of quadratic equations (including complex roots), properties of real numbers, inequalities and systems of inequalities, logarithms and antilogarithms, exponential equations, basic trigonometric functions, algebra of polynomials, vectors, polar and rectangular coordinate systems, and a wide spectrum of word problems requiring algebra to solve. As with all Saxon math courses, geometry is integrated throughout the program, so that by the end of Saxon Algebra II, all students should be exposed to all of the geometry they would have received in a dedicated geometry course. Saxon Publishers assert that any student who has successfully completed Saxon Algebra II has the necessary tools and skills to score competitively on the SAT and ACT college board tests. Overall, algebra requires a great deal of abstract thought on the part of the student. It will be necessary for the students to work slowly and methodically to learn the rules, theories, and methods of arriving at the abstract answers to these problems. The three-book Saxon set includes: Saxon Algebra II Textbook, Saxon Algebra II Test Forms; Saxon Algebra II Answer Key. Saxon Algebra II Solutions Manual is also available, and strongly recommended.

Literature: This year's literature course is an eclectic look at diverse literary genres. By What Authority, by Robert Hugh Benson, takes place during the Protestant Reformation. Sir Nicholas is the rock-solid head of his household and a devout Catholic who helps “renegade” priests hide from her Majesty’s men. The reader will find himself traveling across the English countryside hunting for priests, the next minute witnessing the happenings at the Queen's court.  In the midst of all this exists the relationship between a young man and a young lady - one a Catholic, the other a  Protestant. Catholic families suffered persecutions of various types. Families were divided; fathers and sons were thrown into jail; and neighbor turned against neighbor. But through it all, the few priests that remained were able to sustain and convert many.    Lances of Lynwood by Charlotte M. Yonge is a story of Eustace, the younger brother of Sir Reginald, the lord of Lynwood Castle and its surrounding lands. One heroic act on the battlefield gains him the favor of the Prince of Wales, who raises young Eustace to the level of Knighthood; but with that honor comes responsibility. The youthful Sir Eustace is hurled into the world of men and must now defend his castle, his orphaned nephew, and if he survives, his honor. In all his encounters, he puts into practice  the virtuous qualities of a noble knight. As this exciting story ends, Eustace is hailed a “brave, stouthearted young Knight.”  The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane is a classic novel of war as seen through the eyes of an untested recruit.  This book has been praised for its uncanny recreation of the sights, sounds, and sense of actual combat. Struggling against his fears and feelings of cowardice, young Civil War soldier Henry Fleming endures the nightmare of battle as he wrestles with his conflicting emotions.  Experiencing his first trials under fire on a woodland battlefield, he comes to manhood and finds peace of mind in this powerful description of war and haunting interpretation of that bloody symbol of bravery – the red badge of courage. The Ballad of the White Horse is a poem by G. K. Chesterton about the idealized exploits of the Saxon King Alfred the Great, published in 1911. Written in ballad form, the work is usually considered an epic poem. The poem narrates how Alfred was able to defeat the invading Danes at the Battle of Ethandun by God through the agency of the Virgin Mary. In addition to being a narration of Alfred's militaristic and political accomplishments, it is also considered a Catholic allegory.  Chesterton incorporates a significant amount of philosophy into the basic structure of the story. 

 History: This is best described as a hemispheric history, centered on the text, Christ and the America Text, written in the late 1990s by Anne Carroll. Students will learn about the Catholic roots of our country, meet the great Catholic heroes and heroines of North and South America, and learn how the Catholic Church has fared in our hemisphere. All the regions of the Western Hemisphere, including North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean will be studied. The histories of the United States and other countries in our hemisphere have been deftly intertwined, to show the various relationships and dynamics that entered into the establishment and growth of the diverse nations of the Western Hemisphere. History can be presented from any number of points of view, but, ideally, there is a single interpretation of events, causes, and effects which must be viewed through the lens of a Catholic perspective. Only when we truly understand the past, can we even begin to influence the future. Dr. Carroll does an admirable job of helping the student to understand better what we need to do to help the country we love come closer to God.  Other books used: Christ and the Americas Answer Key, Catholics of the Confederacy, Reign of Christ the King.

Grammar: The Elegant Essay walks students through the entire essay-building process.  From captivating introductions to compelling descriptions and convincing conclusions, students learn to bring their words and their arguments to life.  With explanation and practice exercises, it is an excellent extension and refinement of the students writing skills learned to this point. In the Easy Grammar Ultimate Series course, students learn high school English grammar in a highly efficient program which features 180 daily teaching lessons, lasting 10 minutes each.  Great for home school!  This book teaches important skills in a very direct and logical progression.   In Spelling, using the Traditional Catholic Speller 10, students will again learn to spell hundreds of new words and definitions, including Catholic terms. 

Biology: This year's science course will be centered on Dr. Jay Wile's Biology Text. Using a common-sense Christian approach to the study of Biology, Dr. Wile introduces the student to both major divisions of biology: botany and zoology, and deftly explains the five Kingdoms, and their subordinate classes. In his inimitable writing style, Dr. Wile gives the reader the impression that he is sitting across the table, tutoring the student one-on-one. The text deals insightfully with the difference between macro-evolution and micro-evolution, and shows why Darwinian macro-evolution is simply not possible. Biology Solutions and Tests Book contains: (1) answers to the Study Guide found at the end of each module in the text; (2) tests for each module; and (3) answers to each of the modular tests.